Russian Military Mapping

A Guide to Using the Most Comprehensive Source of Global Geospatial Intelligence

A comprehensive overview of Russian military topographic maps and related publications. Russian Military Mapping is the English-language translation of the current edition of a basic manual used in the Russian armed forces to introduce Russian officers to topographic and other special maps. This book is a major contribution to the literature of understanding and interpreting Russian (or Soviet) topographic maps.

This manual contains material systematized into the following major sections: general information on the Earth’s atmosphere, weather and climate, winds, and concepts of time; basic data on topographic and special maps; description of terrain types and their tactical properties, and procedures for maintaining the commander’s working maps.

The appendices contain several types of reference data, sample topographic and special maps, tables of symbols used for topographic maps, and some conventional designations and abbreviation used in combat documents.


Russian Military Mapping
  • ISBN (print): 978-0-974297-31-6
  • ISBN (online): 978-1-879944-50-3
  • Year: 2005
  • Language: English
  • Pages: 188

Table of Contents

Publisher’s Foreword
Preface to Russian Edition

Chapter 1. Parts of the Geographic Environment
1.1.    The Earth’s Atmosphere
1.2.    Weather and Climate
1.3.    Winds
1.4.    Time
1.5.    Length of the Day


Chapter 2. Topographic and Special Maps
2.1.    General Information on Topographic Maps
2.2.    Map Gridding and Nomenclature
2.3.    Numerical and Linear Scales of a Map
2.4.    Geographic Coordinates on a Map
2.5.    Rectangular Coordinate Grids on Topographic Maps
2.6.    Depiction of Relief on Topographic Maps
2.7.    The Earth’s Magnetic Field. Magnetic Deviation and Convergence of Meridians
2.8.    Symbols Used on Topographic Maps
2.9.    1:25,000 to 1:1,000,000 Topographic Maps
2.10.   Special Maps
2.11.   The Commander’s Working Map
2.12.   Tactical Symbols
2.13.   Meteorological Elements
2.14.   Assessing Terrain as an Element of the Battlefield Environment
2.15.   Terrain Orientation and Targeting


1. Reference Data

2. Sample Topographic and Special Maps
2.1.    1:25,000 Topographic Map
2.2.    1:50,000 Topographic Map
2.3.    1:100,000 Topographic Map
2.4.    1:200,000 Topographic Map
2.5.    1:500,000 Topographic Map
2.6.    1:1,000,000 Topographic Map
2.7.    1:10,000 City Plan
2.8.    1:25,000 City Plan
2.9.    Geographic Survey Map
2.10.   Aeronautical Chart
2.11.   Marine Chart
2.12.   1:100,000 Terrain Variation Map (Operationally Corrected)
2.13.   1:100,000 Geodetic Data Map
2.14.   1:25,000 River Segment Map
2.15.   1:100,000 Mountain Pass and Passage Map
2.16.   1:100,000 Water Source Map
2.17.   Aerial Photograph with Coordinate Grid
2.18.   Photomontage
2.19.   Photographic Plan
2.20.   Photomap

3. Symbols for Topographic and Special Maps
3.1.    Symbols for 1:25,000-1:200,000 Topographic Maps
3.2.    Symbols and Characteristics of Labeled Features on 1:200,000 Maps
3.3.    Symbols for 1:500,000 and 1:1,000,000 Topographic Maps
3.4.    Symbols for Terrain Variation Maps
3.5.    Symbols for Geodetic Data Maps
3.6.    Symbols for River Segment Maps
3.7.    Symbols for Mountain Pass and Passage Maps
3.8.    Symbols for Water Source Maps

4. Abbreviations for Labels on Topographic Maps

5. Some Objectives That Can Be Achieved Using Topographic Maps
5.1.    Angles, Headings, and Their Relationship on the Map
5.2.    Determination of Magnetic and Grid Azimuths
5.3.    Determination of Rectangular Coordinates
5.4.    Determination of Geographic Coordinates
5.5.    Determination of Absolute and Relative Elevations of Terrain Points
5.6.    Construction of Visibility Charts and Determination of Intervisibility
5.7.    Determination of Invisibility Fields
5.8.    Determination of Steepness of Slope

6. Some Symbols Used in Combat Documents

7. Meteorologic Symbols

8. Some Abbreviations Used in Combat Documents

9. Alphabetic Subject Index


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