The Current Digest of the Chinese Press
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Volume 9, Number 11 (March 9-15, 2020)
FEATURED NEWS STORIES
China COVID-19 Outbreak Past Peak Click here to read more
China Assists World’s Efforts to Slow Pandemic
Chinese Economy Begins Recovery From Virus
POLITICS & CULTURE
State & Law
Internet Court Handles Cases Despite Epidemic
Foreign Governments Should Not Interfere in HK
Running Counter to Trend of Times Doomed to Fail
China Vows to Discard Game Meat Consumption
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & SECURITY
China Launches New BeiDou Navigation Satellite
Political Process Only Way to Resolve Syrian Issue
European Countries Keen on Chinese 5G Tech
US Busy Adding to Misfortune of China
Poisonous Coronavirus Politics Must End
‘Political Fences’ Unable to Contain Technology
Human Rights Situation Deteriorating in US
BUSINESS & THE ECONOMY
China’s Consumer Inflation Eases, Factory Prices Fall
Americans Embrace Chinese Construction Products
New RMB Loans Rise in First Two Months
China Announces Targeted RRR Cuts
Technology Aids Spring Farming Amid Epidemic
Border Areas Work to Prevent Locust Swarms
Author: Xinhua News Agency
Traditional Chinese Medicine Offers Oriental Wisdom in Fight Against Novel Virus
Xinhua News Agency, Feb. 18, 2020. Complete text:
Wuhan – Another 1,701 patients infected with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) were discharged from hospitals Monday [Feb. 17], bringing the total number of discharged patients in China to over 12,000 since the epidemic.
When scrutinizing the commonalities of those people, the contributions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) cannot go unnoticed.
“Western medicine offers important life-supporting measures such as respiratory and circulatory assistance, while TCM focuses on improving patients’ physical conditions and immune function. They complement each other,” said Zhang Boli, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Last Friday, the first phase of a sports center-turned hospital began operation in Wuhan, the epicenter of the COVID-19 outbreak. It is the city’s first TCM-oriented temporary hospital. A total of 800 patients will receive treatment there once the second phase is completed.
The medical team of 209 doctors and nurses from 20 TCM hospitals in five provinces led by Zhang have since been carrying out TCM clinical treatment and research at the hospital.
The recommended TCM treatment plan includes multiple herbal prescriptions targeting fever, heavy coughing, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath and tiredness.
A specific chapter detailing TCM treatment during a patient’s medical observation, clinical treatment and recovery was included in the latest version of the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment scheme released by the National Health Commission.
Wuhan’s coronavirus control headquarters have since ordered integrated treatment of TCM and Western medicine, especially among non-critical patients, and observation of TCM’s curative effects at designated hospitals.
Statistics show that 2,220 medics from TCM hospitals and institutions across China have been sent to aid the epidemic fight in Hubei so far. Over 75% of COVID-19 patients are receiving TCM treatment in Hubei and over 90% in other parts of China.
On Feb. 6 alone, 23 patients in Hubei were discharged after receiving integrated treatment of TCM and Western medicine.
Zhang said patients with mild symptoms showed obvious improvement after TCM treatment, and for critical patients, TCM decreased their lung exudation, stabilized blood oxygen saturation and reduced respiratory support and antibiotic use.
TCM has never missed a single fight against epidemics throughout Chinese history. TCM classics have provided sufficient evidence of how TCM cured epidemic diseases such as smallpox over the past several thousand years.
The 2003 SARS fight was a recent example. TCM offered timely and effective solutions to the treatment and recuperation of SARS patients.
“Compared with Western medicine, TCM offers highly varied prescriptions to each and every patient based on their unique conditions during different stages of the disease, which is more flexible and targeted,” said Xiong Jibai, a TCM expert and consultant to the coronavirus treatment group of neighboring Hunan Province.
Hunan has sent hundreds of medical workers to help fight the epidemic in the city of Huanggang, one of the hardest-hit cities in Hubei.
Zeng Puhua, vice president of the affiliated hospital of Hunan Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been working around the clock in the SARS treatment-model hospital of Huanggang since late January.
“Clinical experience has repeatedly proven that TCM plays an active and effective role in the treatment of pneumonia-related epidemics,” he said.
According to Hunan’s health commission, TCM was used in the treatment of nearly 95% of the admitted patients. Among the discharged, over 90% underwent integrated treatment of TCM and Western medicine.
In the city of Bozhou, eastern China’s Anhui Province, TCM has shortened the course of treatment and reduced medical expenses for seven discharged COVID-19 patients taking herbal soups or capsules.
“Patients showed quickened fever reduction after using TCM, and obvious alleviation of certain symptoms such as coughing, tiredness and loss of appetite. Some critical patients became non-critical,” said Zhang Nianzhi, a chief doctor at the respiratory medicine department of Anhui Provincial Hospital of TCM.
Discharged patients are required to stay home for another 14 days. Zhang said a 14-day herbal compound treatment based on TCM theories is prescribed to help them restore their pre-illness state.
Zhang has planned to include 100 discharged patients into the herbal compound treatment group, to follow their symptoms, physical and chemical indicators, CT results and living quality for one year. Thirty patients have so far been taking the prescription.
Non-drug treatment such as cupping, acupuncture and scraping is another feature of TCM, which can help patients recover more effectively after being discharged from hospitals, said Tong Xiaolin, an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences and head of the treatment group of the state administration of TCM.
Author: Xinhua News Agency
Institutional Strength: China’s Key to Beating Novel Coronavirus
Xinhua News Agency, March 10, 2020. Complete text:
Beijing – Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday [March 10] visited Wuhan, the epicenter of the COVID-19 outbreak, to inspect the epidemic prevention and control work, as the number of new coronavirus cases has dropped sharply thanks to a raft of unprecedented measures rarely seen in history.
The daily increase of new coronavirus cases on the Chinese mainland fell from thousands in February to 19 on Monday.
The spread of the novel coronavirus disease has been basically curbed in Hubei Province and Wuhan, said Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, during his inspection.
The significant progress of China’s outbreak control is encouraging and reassuring. It brings hope and lessons to the ongoing global fight against the novel coronavirus disease, which has been reported in more than 100 countries and regions.
Drawing on its institutional strength, China’s decisive measures to control the outbreak are enlightening, as the world is at a crucial time of containing its spread to save lives.
China declared a total war against the virus and made it the top priority, relying on the people and a united response. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, people from all walks of life have joined hands in fighting the epidemic with wisdom, action and morale.
Wuhan, capital city of central China’s Hubei Province, went on lockdown after the outbreak, while 42,000 medics rushed to Hubei from the rest of the country. China built two makeshift hospitals in less than two weeks in Wuhan, activated the top-level response in most areas within a few days, and organized the pairing-up support of 19 provincial-level regions for cities of the province, among a slew of brave, swift and intensive measures.
These measures have proved effective. As of Monday, Hubei accounted for 84% of the total of confirmed cases on the Chinese mainland, while the remainder were scattered across 30 other provincial-level regions.
All these are vivid manifestations of China’s system advantage, which ensures the whole country works together and stimulates the enthusiasm of all aspects to mobilize resources for major undertakings like poverty reduction, disaster relief, key technologies and large infrastructure projects.
Just as the country tackled the 2002-2003 SARS outbreak and the 8.0-magnitude Wenchuan earthquake in 2008, the institutional strength will continue playing a key role in enabling China to secure a decisive victory against COVID-19. While China protects the health of its 1.4 billion people, it contributes greatly to the global fight as well. Those who have used the virus to make racist remarks or smear China’s system and tremendous efforts are immoral and despicable.
To tackle major deadly viruses and safeguard global public health, China also provides a useful lesson through its methods, such as early detection, isolation and admission, quarantine of close contacts, grassroots community-based prevention, and the reduction of public gatherings, in the battle against COVID-19.
Meanwhile, in the spirit of building a community with a shared future for humanity, China has shown great transparency and openness in its cooperation with the international community regarding the outbreak.
China has shared with the World Health Organization and other countries key information about the virus and experience in control and prevention. China welcomed aid from abroad among severe protective gear shortages and, in return, donated materials, money and even dispatched personnel to help other countries control the disease despite the battle at home not yet being over.
Bruce Aylward, team leader of the China-WHO joint mission on COVID-19, told The New York Times that China’s counterattack can be replicated but requires speed, money, imagination and political courage.
With massive efforts since late January, China has achieved impressive progress and is anticipating a final victory against COVID-19. And the same hope goes for the global fight, which requires solidarity, cooperation and action.
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Author: Xinhua News Agency
How China Fights War Against COVID-19 Under Xi’s Command
Beijing – China is engaged in a war against the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, a major public health emergency considered to have spread fastest, caused the most extensive infection and have been the hardest to contain since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Though the virus has infected more than 77,000 people, daily new cases are on an overall declining trend, with the number of recovered patients rapidly increasing.
After arduous work, the positive trend is now expanding, said President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission.
So, how China has done it? Here is a review.
After the outbreak of the epidemic, the CPC Central Committee has attached great importance to the issue and made swift deployments.
Xi personally commands the people’s war against the epidemic. He has been paying constant attention to the epidemic prevention and control work and made oral or written instructions every day.
On Jan. 7, he issued requirements on the epidemic prevention and control work when he chaired a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.
On Jan. 20, he demanded that Party committees and governments at all levels put people’s lives and health as the top priority and make resolute efforts to curb the spread of the virus.
On Jan. 25, the first day of the lunar Chinese New Year, Xi chaired another meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, focusing on the COVID-19 outbreak. The meeting decided to form a central leading group on the epidemic, dispatch a central guiding team, and demand a State Council inter-agency task force play its full role in coordination.
“I was very encouraged and impressed by the President’s detailed knowledge of the outbreak, and his personal involvement in the response,” Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said after meeting Xi in Beijing on Jan. 28. “This was for me very rare leadership.”
Afterward, Xi again held three meetings of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and one meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to study epidemic control and resumption of work and production.
On Feb. 10, Xi inspected COVID-19 prevention and control work in Beijing and heard reports from the frontline in the hardest-hit province of Hubei and its capital city Wuhan through video links.
Xi also made requirements on epidemic prevention and control from various aspects when he chaired meetings of a number of central commissions on overall law-based governance, cyberspace affairs, overall deepening reform and foreign affairs.
The latest was a meeting on Feb. 23 to coordinate epidemic control and economic and social development. Xi made specific requirements for both fronts.
Timely strategy, political courage.
Under Xi’s command, China launched a people’s war against the epidemic, with Wuhan and Hubei as the main battlefield. Lines of defense were set up. Personnel and resources were mobilized across the country.
On curbing the spread, early detection, reports, quarantine and treatment are stressed. On treating patients, pooling together patients, experts, resources, as well as centralized treatment are underscored.
On Jan. 22, the CPC Central Committee made a decisive move that required huge political courage: it ordered Hubei to impose full and strict control over the outbound population flow.
A day later, all urban public transportation, including city buses, ferries and metro lines were suspended and outbound channels at the airport and rail stations closed in Wuhan, home to more than 10 million people.
It is an unprecedented move in modern Chinese history, but an effective one.
Tedros said China took “serious measures at the epicenter, at the source,” which not only protected Chinese people, but also prevented the spread of the virus to other countries.
“Because of this strategy, if it weren’t for China’s efforts, the number of cases outside China would have been very much higher,” he said earlier this month at a WHO Executive Board meeting in Geneva.
Along with that move, a series of other measures were also introduced to mobilize the whole country to contain the epidemic.
More than 330 medical teams consisting of some 41,600 medical personnel, both civilian and military, have been dispatched to Hubei from across the country.
The Huoshenshan and Leishenshan hospitals were swiftly built and started operation in Wuhan, in addition to various temporary hospitals converted from gyms, conference and exhibition centers to treat COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms.
Ensuring the provision of medical supplies in Wuhan and Hubei was prioritized and 19 provinces paired with other cities in Hubei to provide one-on-one support.
In light of the serious problems that occurred in the early-stage prevention and control work in Hubei and Wuhan, the CPC Central Committee promptly put forward rectification requirements and adjusted the leadership of the CPC Hubei provincial committee and Wuhan municipal committee.
The Spring Festival holiday was extended to delay possible travel peaks. Arrangements were made to postpone the start of the new school semester, promote the flexible resumption of businesses and reduce the pressure on transportation.
Measures were taken to support manufacturers of medical protective suits, masks and other epidemic prevention and control materials that are in urgent need, help them quickly resume production and expand capacity.
Unified national distribution was put in place for essential materials, and the production and supply of daily necessities, coal, electricity, oil and gas were secured.
Order in medical institutions and the market was maintained, in addition to crackdowns on epidemic-related crimes, and strengthened psychological counseling and intervention for the public.
Public communication was procedure-based and strengthened.
China also carried out cooperation and information exchange with the WHO and the international community, such as the timely sharing of the whole genome sequence of the virus.
After a nine-day field study trip, a China-WHO expert team concluded Monday [Feb. 24] that China’s unprecedented public health responses to the COVID-19 outbreak have yielded notable results in blocking human-to-human transmissions of the virus, preventing or at least delaying hundreds of thousands of cases.
Xi said the results of the prevention and control work have once again demonstrated the notable advantages of the leadership of the CPC and the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
China has drawn accolades from the international community for its efforts to contain the spread of the virus. Leaders of more than 170 countries and over 40 international or regional organizations expressed their support to China.
In a phone conversation with Xi, US President Donald Trump said he is confident that under Xi’s leadership, the Chinese people will undoubtedly win the battle against the outbreak.
While talking to Xi over the phone, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said no other country could do better than China.
In his message to Xi, Russian President Vladimir Putin expressed his belief that under Xi’s leadership, China’s resolute measures will contain the epidemic and minimize losses.
Author: Xinhua News Agency
Tracking Down Wuhan’s New Confirmed COVID-19 Cases
Wuhan – Despite a raft of strict measures to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus, hundreds of daily new confirmed cases are still reported in Wuhan, the epicenter of the outbreak, which was put on lockdown in late January.
The Chinese mainland reported 202 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus infection on Sunday [March 1], down from 573 the previous day, the National Health Commission said Monday. 196 of the 202 new cases in China were reported in Hubei Province, while 193 of the 196 cases in Hubei were in Wuhan, the provincial capital.
On Friday and Saturday, Hubei reported 423 and 570 new coronavirus cases, respectively.
Where are Wuhan’s new COVID-19 cases from then?
Suspected cases, close contacts.
“About 80% to 90% of the newly confirmed infections in Wuhan were previously suspected cases,” said Liang Wannian, head of the Chinese expert panel on outbreak response and disposal.
“These cases are all under our control,” Liang said.
Some new infections are also related to close contacts of the confirmed cases. The China-World Health Organization (WHO) joint expert team said about 1% to 5% of close contacts have later been confirmed to have the disease.
As the nucleic acid tests have been expanded to close contacts, some infected people showing no symptoms have been found, said an administrative worker in a quarantine spot in Wuhan.
On Feb. 22, Wuhan said it has conducted nucleic acid tests for all backlogged patients, including those confirmed or suspected to be infected with the virus, close contacts of confirmed cases, and patients with fever.
A total of 40 nucleic acid testing institutions in the city can test an average of 14,000 samples per day, with its daily testing capacity reaching 20,000 samples, said the city’s epidemic prevention and control headquarters.
Meanwhile, a considerable number of the recent new cases are asymptomatic infected patients found in special places such as the detention centers, as the city has launched a “blanket search” to leave no coronavirus patient unattended, according to the Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Promising but still grim.
“The number of newly confirmed infections in Wuhan on Sunday hit a new low of 193, and the number of suspected cases has also slipped,” said Chen Erzhen who leads a Shanghai medical team to assist Hubei, calling it a “promising change.”
Wuhan now has over 5,000 spare beds in 16 temporary hospitals, which were converted from gyms, exhibition centers and other facilities to cope with a shortage of beds amid the outbreak, Ma Xiaowei, director of the National Health Commission, told a press conference Friday.
According to Ma, the daily number of patients discharged from makeshift COVID-19 hospitals, designed for patients with mild symptoms, has greatly exceeded the number of new cases.
The city has so far built 16 public-facility-turned temporary hospitals with more than 13,000 beds, having treated a total of 12,000 patients, or one in every four patients of the novel coronavirus in Wuhan, according to the official.
“About seven quarantine spots in Qiaokou District have been switched into rehabilitation places and the number is expected to grow as more patients recover,” said Luo Jun, head of a quarantine spot in the district. As of midnight March 1, 7,250 confirmed COVID-19 cases had been reported in Qiaokou, ranking third among the 13 districts in Wuhan.
More than 40,000 medics from across the country have joined the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the hardest-hit province of Hubei.
As of Sunday, Hubei had reported 67,103 COVID-19 cases and 2,803 deaths. A total of 33,757 coronavirus patients in Hubei have been cured and discharged from hospitals and 26,901 are still receiving treatment in hospitals.
Despite some promising changes, the epidemic situation remains grim and complicated, with great uncertainty and pressure, Liang Wannian said.
“We can’t be blindly optimistic,” Liang said, adding that Hubei Province and Wuhan are still “the centers of the epidemic.”
According to Zhou Jiaxi, a researcher of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, the situation in Wuhan is “fluid,” though “the growth of COVID-19 cases is subsiding undoubtedly.”
“While the rise has been halted, the overall battle is far from over,” Zhou said.
Grid-based management in Wuhan has been running at full speed since Feb. 11, when the city’s headquarters for epidemic prevention and control required all residential areas to implement closed-off management.
Wuhan has 8,700 grid-based community workers. Each worker takes care of 300 to 500 households, according to Luo Ping, deputy secretary of the Commission for Political and Legal Affairs of the Communist Party of China Municipal Committee of Wuhan.
Last week, the Hubei provincial headquarters for COVID-19 control stressed all cities, prefectures and counties in the province should continue to implement stringent restrictions on outbound transport channels to resolutely prevent the spread of the virus within and beyond the province.
“We must not relax our efforts in implementing strict prevention and control, administering medical treatment, carrying out combing and admission, ensuring prevention at special venues, providing material support and maintaining overall social stability,” said the CPC Hubei Committee.